INTERNATIONAL PHYTOSANITARY STANDARD FOR
WOOD PACKAGING (ISPM15)
30th June 2010
Global guide to ISPM15
implementation and import regulations for wood
|Argentina implemented ISPM15 on 1
January 2006. To view notification (in Spanish) (updated
Australia adopts ISPM15 bark tolerance for imports of wood packaging material wef 1 July 2010.
Following the adoption of the revised version of the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures Publication No. 15: Regulation of Wood Packaging Material in International Trade (ISPM 15) in April 2009, Biosecurity Services Group (BSG) undertook to review Australias requirement for bark freedom on solid wood packaging material. >From 1 July 2010 Australia will accept solid wood packaging material that is treated and marked as ISPM 15 compliant and meets the bark tolerance requirements defined in the revised ISPM 15 standard. This requires that solid wood packaging material be debarked, but allows a tolerance for small pieces of bark that have not been completely removed during milling.
This tolerance for bark will also apply to solid wood packaging treated with other AQIS approved treatments. The bark free declaration is still required but the ISPM 15 tolerance limits apply. Any wood packaging and dunnage exceeding the ISPM 15 bark tolerance limit will be subject to treatment, export or destruction at the importers expense.
Australia - UK exporters are advised that the Australian Quarantine requirements prohibit the entry of wood products infected with non indigenous bluestain. It should be noted that treatment in accordance with ISPM 15 specifications is not lethal to bluestain fungi, and in fact heat treatment in the absence of moisture reduction is likely to increase susceptibility to infection.
Our advice, therefore, is to use only wood packaging material which, in addition to having been either heat treated or fumigated to ISPM 15 specifications, has additionally been kiln-dried to below 20% moisture content. This may be indicated by the mark 'KD' or 'kiln-dried' on the wood packaging unit (including dunnage), but it must not be included within the border of the ISPM 15 mark. As any timber, including kiln dried material, has a tendency absorb condensation during long voyages in a freight container, kiln drying does not guarantee that bluestain infection will not develop.
Australia - has published Notice 30 Introduction of mandatory treatment requirements for all solid wood packaging and dunnage, effective 1 January 2006. From that date Australia has begun to phase in mandatory treatment requirements for all solid wood packaging and dunnage.Australia implemented ISPM15 in September 2004, but not in respect of WPM used in air cargo. From 1 January 2006, Australia will require all WPM and dunnage to be ISPM15 compliant and marked (to view WTO notification). In addition, all WPM and dunnage must be bark-free and, if fumigated, the exposure time must be 24hours, not 16 hours as in ISPM15 (under review). The UKWPMMP already requires that fumigation is carried out over 24 hours. (Updated 21 September 2005).
During the phase in period, until 1 May 2006, there will be no changes to the quarantine clearance arrangements for containerised sea-freight packaging timber. The FCL/FCX and LCL Broker Accreditation Schemes will continue as normal.
During this phase, however, AQIS will monitor compliance with the new treatment requirements for wood packaging associated with imported break-bulk and air cargo. Break bulk and air cargo consignments will be subject to surveillance by AQIS and stickers alerting importers to the new treatment requirements will be placed on cargo that does not bear ISPM15 treatment stamps. (Updated 22 February 2006).
(AQIS) formally implemented ISPM15 alongside their existing regulations with effect from 1 September 2004. This action gives exporters a choice of treatment options to choose and is mainly for the benefit of countries that do not have ISPM15 compliant wood marking programmes in place yet. Details of the new rules are set out in AQIS Notice to Industry No 19 . (Last updated:17 August 2004). To view examples of AQIS supplier/packer declarations, (full container loads) (less than full container loads). (Last update 23 August 2004).
The declarations can be completed by the Exporter as AQIS have confirmed that their reference to 'Suppliers' also eant 'Exporters'. Suppliers (i.e. the exporters) do not need to put UKWPMMP/ISPM 15 unique registration numbers on the packing declarations. the only number that is required is a numerical to link between the declaration and the container/shipment. The intention is for the supplier to fill out the declaration as they are the ones that AQIS will be targeting for increased surveillance/profiling if surveillance shows a problem.
We have been advised that AQIS has no quarantine concerns with packing made solely of reconstituted wood products. Reconstituted wood products are those that no longer contain solid wood as a result of the manufacturing process and include particleboard, chipboard, masonite, oriented strand board, medium and high density fibreboard. AQIS have published the following Public Quarantine Alerts which wood packaging manufacturers and exporters using packaging materials made from processed wood products should familiarise themselves with -
PQA0389 - Importation of peeler cores as packaging or dunnage
PQA0390 - Amended import conditions for panel products
PQA0404 - Changed import requirements for packing made solely from reconstituted wood products (includes particleboard, chipboard, masonite, oriented strand board (OSB), medium and high density fibreboard).
All of these PQA's can be viewed on AQIS's site.
Documentation requirements for clearance of imported cargo
Please find the Industry Notice 61/2009 from the Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS) relating to documentation requirements for the clearance of imported cargo. Note that Australia no longer requires a “Newly Manufactured Plywood Declaration” for plywood/veneer packaging material. This is with immediate effect. (Updated 13 November 2009).
In case of queries, contact:
Timber and Timber Products National Co-ordination Centre
Australian Quarantine and Inspection Service (AQIS)
Import conditions for bulk imports of plywood are provided in the AQIS Import Conditions database ICON.
Full details of the above guidance can be viewed in AQIS's Cargo Containers - Quarantine aspects and procedures manual which is updated on a regular basis.
Examples of treatment certificates and packaging declarations required by AQIS can be found on their website at -
|Bolivia implemented ISPM15 on 24
July 2005. To view the WTO notification (in
|Brazil has confirmed that it
will accept wood packaging material with the IPPC mark
as the phytosanitary certification. To see correspondence from the Embassy of
|Bulgaria will require wood packaging
material and dunnage import, which includes all EU
member States, to comply with ISPM15 from 1 June 2006
but as of 1 January 2007 when Bulgaria becomes a member
of the European Community, WPM from other member States
need not comply, as it will then be regarded as
|Canada - Starting September
16th 2005 Canada, the United States and
Mexico will increase the enforcement of the ISPM 15
Standard on all Wood Packaging material entering their
borders. In the past, non-compliant shipments were
allowed in Canada, and notification letters from CFIA
were sent to the NPPO officials (through Post) to advise
them of the violations. This initial voluntary period
will expire on Sept 15th, and Canada will begin stepping
up its enforcement in three phases.
Phase 1 September 16: Canada will refuse entry
on shipments found to have infested wood packaging
(during this preliminary period, only signs of
infestation would prevent entry of shipments) with the
exception of ship's dunnage. Ship's dunnage will
be treated or disposed if non-compliant (i.e. with
signs of living pests, or no ISPM15 mark, or no
Phase 2 February 1, 2006: Canada will refuse
entry for any wood packaging found to be non-compliant
(i.e. with signs of living pests, or no ISPM15 mark, or
no Phytosanitary Certificate) with the exception of
ship's dunnage. Ship's dunnage will be treated or
disposed if non-compliant.
Phase 3 July 1, 2006: Canada will refuse entry on all
wood packaging materials including ship's dunnage found
to be non-compliant.
The Canadian Food Inspection
Agency (CFIA) Directive D-98-08 (5th
Revision) will be updated soon. To view the
Canadian Food Inspection Agency Q & A
Canada announces new timber import
|Chile implemented ISPM 15 on 1
June 2005. To view their notification.Note: further
details of the Chilean requirements will be posted
|China - officially implemented
ISPM15 on 1st of January 2006 Notice
Clarification Note) and Notice
32. China continues to encourage exporters to use
of use of non wood packaging material'.
See details here in the Phyto
The Forestry Commission has decided to
cease issuing phytosanitary Certificates for ISPM15 Wood
material, from immediate effect. Please read information
|Colombia - has implemented ISPM15
via Resolution No. 01074. (Updated 24 September
|Costa Rica - implemented ISPM15 on
19 March 2006. To view notification (in
|Cuba - has announced its intention
to implement ISPM15 on 1st October 2008. To view notification.
|Dominican Republic - implemented
ISPM15 on 1 July 2006. To view notification (in
|Ecuador - has implemented of ISPM15
with effect from 1 July 2006. See
details of Resolution (in
|Egypt - implemented ISPM15 on 1
October 2005. To view WTO notification.
|(Click here - Emergency measures to
prevent the spread of Pine Wood Nematode from
Portugal) (Click here to see the
EU member States)
EU - From 1
March 2005 new landing requirements apply for wood, wood
products and wooden packaging material arriving in the
European Community from all countries, except
Switzerland. The landing requirement does not apply to
wood, wood products and wooden packaging material which
is simply moving from one EU member State to another.
Additionally there is no phytosanitary certificate
requirement for wooden packaging material arriving in
the EC , which is ISPM15 compliant as the certification
is provided via the ISPM15 wood mark.
rules, which are set out in Council Directive
2004/102/EC, will be incorporated into our national
legislation as quickly as possible, once the final
implementing details are agreed in Brussels.
most wood products, the existing requirements will
continue to apply. New treatment options, such as heat
treatment for all conifer wood, regardless of country of
origin, have been agreed AND THESE WILL BE ACCEPTED in
Great Britain from 1 March.
information regarding the new treatment options as
provided in the ‘Wood Package’ summary note (issued
December 2003) can be viewed by clicking here
packaging material (WPM) will also be affected
following EU implementation of ISPM 15 on 1 March. From
that date, all WPM, such as boxes, crates, pallets,
which are made using any unmanufactured wood products,
MUST meet the new requirements and be either heat
treated or fumigated with Methyl bromide under an
officially approved programme and carry the
internationally agreed mark. WPM comprised entirely of
manufactured wood products such as plywood, particle
board, oriented strand board or similar is EXEMPT, and
need not be treated or marked.
requirement in Directive 2004/102/EC that all WPM must
be made from debarked wood has been suspended for one
year ie until 1st March 2006 and WILL NOT therefore be
enforced. Directive 2005/15/EC dated 28th February 2004
provides details of this amendment.
measures: In the meantime the emergency measures
covering WPM from Canada, China, Japan and the USA will
remain in place, pending review. This means coniferous
WPM from these countries must be heat treated,
chemically pressure impregnated or Methyl bromide
fumigated and marked (and from China, only, be
accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate). In
addition, non-coniferous WPM from China must be EITHER
bark-free and free of insect bore holes > 3 mm across
For all WPM manufactured after 28
February 2005, the mark must also include the IPPC1 logo
1 IPPC – International
Plant Protection Convention, FAO Rome
manufactured before that date, and until 31 December
2007, the mark need only contain the country code, the
producer code and the treatment code. After 1 January
2008, all WPM will need to have the full ISPM 15 mark,
including the IPPC logo
From 1 March 2005, and until 31 December 2007, all
dunnage must either be bark-free, free of pests and
signs of live pests OR be heat treated or fumigated with
Methyl bromide and carry the ISPM 15 mark incorporating
the country code, the producer code and the treatment
code. For treated and marked dunnage there is no
requirement for the wood to be debarked until 1 March
2006. After 1 January 2008, all dunnage will need to
have the full ISPM 15 mark, including the IPPC logo
This information is correct at the time of
publication and will be updated as required. (Updated
3rd March 2005).
|PORTUGAL LATEST INFORMATION (26th June
EU Standing Committee on Plant Health
advise of a temporary derogation (1st January 2010) from
the emergency measures (outlined below) against pine
wood nemotode. Click here:
Emergency measures to prevent the spread of
Pine Wood Nematode from Portugal
Controls apply to the export from Portugal
of conifer wood products, including logs, sawn wood,
chips, bark and wood packaging material such as boxes,
crates pallets and the like which originated there.
These are set out in Commission Decision 2006/133/EC and
its various amendments (link http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2006:052:0034:0038:EN:PDF ). Wood Packaging Material (WPM) manufactured in
Portugal from conifer wood has had to meet the
requirements of ISPM 15, the international phytosanitary
standard covering WPM which demands that it be treated
(or fumigated with Methyl bromide) and stamped with the
ISPM 15 mark which shows the country of production, a
unique producer code and the code for the treatment used
i.e. "HT" or "MB".
Despite these measures, many
Member States have reported detecting PWN in WPM
arriving from Portugal, sometimes on unmarked WPM so it
has not been possible to tell where it was made, and in
order to avoid the possibility that untreated Portuguese
WPM 'slips thorough the net' the rules have been further
amended. From 16 June 2009 all WPM made from
conifer wood exported from Portugal will need to meet
ISPM 15 requirements. This includes WPM made from
conifer wood imported into Portugal from the other
Member States and then re-used for subsequent
Although there is no legal
obligation to use ISPM15 compliant WPM for goods shipped
into Portugal from any other Member State, we strongly
advise exporters in the UK to consider using treated and
ISPM 15 marked WPM, regardless of wood type, wherever
possible so as to ensure that there are no delays in
delivering goods. This will be particularly
important where the consignor expects to have the WPM
returned, either empty or used to carry other goods.
Many importers in Portugal are expected to demand the
use of ISPM 15 WPM by their suppliers, so as to avoid
the need to otherwise dispose of and replace WPM for
subsequent use. The Portuguese authorities have
confirmed that they do not have sufficient heat
treatment capacity to deal with untreated imported WPM,
and destruction appears to be the only alternative. Our
advice covers all WPM regardless of wood type because of
the difficulty in determining wood species, especially
where more than one species is used in the manufacture
of WPM. In cases of doubt, we can expect at least a
delay in shipping while checks are carried out. This may
well lead to increased costs.
Under the new
procedures, all Member States will now be required to
carry out routine checks on wood and wood packaging
material imported into their country from Portugal.
These checks can be carried out at any place where the
material may be present and not necessarily confined to
the point of entry (port or airport). The Forestry
Commission plans to continue with spot checks on some
goods as they arrive, where practicable, and will also
be visiting importers to check on WPM used to ship goods
from Portugal. We already carry out spot checks on wood
shipped from Portugal. We do not, however, plan to place
unnecessary burdens on business and will not, for
example, be imposing inspection fees as we do for
imports from non-EU countries. In the event that
non-compliant wood or WPM is found, the occupier of the
premises or the person in charge of the material will,
however, be responsible for any remedial action deemed
necessary. Those placing orders with Portuguese
suppliers are strongly advised to make it a contractual
requirement that only ISPM 15 compliant WPM is used and
binding suppliers to meet any costs arising out of a
failure to do so. The European Commission has also
indicated that it plans to propose extending the use of
ISPM15 to regulate WPM used in all intra-Community
trade. This is subject to negotiations with the wood
packaging industry which currently does not have
sufficient treatment capacity across the EU to meet such
See also: Press Release issued 24
April 2009 by the EU Directorate General Communication
|Guatemala - implemented ISPM15 on 25
January 2005. To view WTO notification. Note Details of the Guatemalan requirements will be provided
as soon as they are published.
|Guyana - The relevant authority has
advised that it has implemented ISPM15. Unfortunately we
are unable to publish any official document as the
notification was made by email to the Forestry
|Honduras - implemented ISPM15 on 25
February. To view WTO notification.
|Hong Kong - plant health authorities
Phytosanitary Certificate not
|India - implemented ISPM15 on 1st
November 2004 and has published details of its landing
requirements. Material with a plant origin used for
packaging must either be heat treated or fumigated. Click here to see details as published
by Ministry of Agriculture in India. Click here to see subsequent amendment
(Updated 31 May 2004). Click here for Ministry of
Agriculture, Plant Quarantine Organisation of India.
India has published details of its implementation of
ISPM15 and landing requirements for wood packaging
material w.e.f. 1st November 2004 (see attached Web
|Indonesia - implemented ISPM No 15 in September 2009. To view details of the original notification dated 29 May 2006 and addendum of April 2009 confirming the date of implementation and other details (including contact details for queries). To view updated notification dated 5 March 2010.
new Israeli Import Regulation incorporate the equirement
for ISPM 15. The regulation will come into force on
25.6.09 but the implementation of the requirement of
ISPM was postponed to 1/10/09.
from Israel, this time from the Deputy Director of PPIS
|Japan - has announced that it will
implement ISPM15 on 1 April 2007. To view the WTO notification.
view details in MAFF Notification No. 1352.
Further information can be viewed on Japan's website.
|Jordan - has announced that it
implemented ISPM15 on 17 November 2005. To view the WTO notification.(Updated 19 January
|Lebanon - The Head of Agriculture
Import,Export Department Lebanese Ministry of
Agriculture has advised that the Lebanese Ministerial
Decree No. 19/1 dated 9/1/06 requires all wood packaging
material entering the Lebanon to be ISPM15 compliant wef
9th March 2006.
|Malaysia - will implement ISPM15 on
1 January 2010. To view details.
(Updated 20 October 2009)
|Mexico - implemented ISPM15 on 16
September 2005. The new requirements (in Spanish) come
into force on 16 September 2005 in line with the USA and
|New Zealand - implemented ISPM15 on
16 April 2006. It has however recently consulted
on changes to the Import Health Standard Wood Packaging
Materials from All Countries. We have been
advised that the new standard will come into effect on
1 May 2006.
Following consultation, New Zealand
has amended its import requirements for wood packaging
material from 1 May 2006. These are set out in their
revised Import Health Standard. All WPM
produced under the UK's Wood Packaging Material is
bark-free and that treated by fumigation is treated to
the 24 hour treatment specification recently adopted by
the Commission for Phytosanitary Measures and thus meets
New Zealand's requirements. (last updated 17 May
|Nicaragua - notice
of intent to implement ISPM15 (in Spanish) - actual
date to be determined.
|Nigeria - (Update 8th October 2004)-
we have received an up date to Mrs Oraka’s, Nigeria
Plant Quarantine Service, letter dated 16 August, which
now states that Nigeria does NOT require a phytosanitary
certificate if the mark on the body of the packaging
materials indicates that it has been treated as stated
in ISPM15; to view update. We apologise for the quality
of this letter.
We have also received email
correspondence dated from the Nigeria Plant Quarantine
Service stating -
'All wood packaging and
dunnage must be marked with IPPC logo and be accompanied
with certificate of treatment. In the absence of IPPC
logo and certificate of treatment it must then be
accompanied with phytosanitary certificate issued by
Plant Protection Organisation of exporting country’.
We have requested details of the information to
be included in the treatment certificate ie will a
fumigation certificate or Certificate of Conformity
suffice and as soon as we receive a response from the
Nigeria Plant Quarantine Service we will publish it on
Please therefore continue to
monitor this website.
Even though Nigeria have
not submitted a WTO Notification advising of their
intent to implement ISPM15 we would recommend that
exporters comply with the requirements of the attached
announced to ensure that their goods are not delayed or
intercepted by the Nigerian Authorities. We have advised
the EC of the details of this announcement and requested
that Nigeria submit a WTO Notification immediately and
we will report on the outcome of this action. Please
continue to monitor this website for
|Norway - will implement ISPM15 on 1
|Oman - has announced its
intention to implement ISPM15 in December 2006. To
view WTO notification.
|Paraguay - has announced that it
implemented ISPM15 on 28 June 2005. To view WTO notification (in Spanish). (Last
updated 24 November 2005).
|Peru - has announced that it will
implement ISPM15 with effect from 1 September 2005. To
view WTO notification ( in English).
To view the text of the regulation (in Spanish). (Last update 14
|Phillipines - announced in June that
they had implemented ISPM15 but a further announcement
(20 July 2004) notifies that they will now partially
implement ISPM15 on 1 January 2005 (treated but without
the need for marking) with full implementation on 1
June 2005. After that date they will require all
wood packaging material entering their territory should
be treated and marked in accordance with ISPM15.
Further details and information may be obtained through
Last update: (17 August 2004).
||Republic of Korea
|Republic of Korea - implemented
ISPM15 on 1 June 2005. Republic of Korea has notified throught the WTO
that it will only accept WPM from certain countries if
it has been fumigated for 24 hours. This has no
direct impact on exports from the UK using packaging
manufactured here. Apart from not having Pine Wood
Nematode present, fumigations under the UK Wood
Packaging Material Marking Programme must be over a 24
hour period. (last updated 11 May
|Russia - at a recent meeting
(November 2009) the Russian authorities have advised us
that the new
rules that went into effect on July 15, 2009 have
been withdrawn and that we are attempting to get the
situation clarified. Our advice to exporters of all
goods to Russia is that to avoid any complications they
ensure that all wood packaging material used is treated
and marked in accordance with ISPM No. 15. (Updated 30
|Seychelles - Implements ISPM15 on
1st March 2006 - see details.
|South Africa - has confirmed that it
will implement ISPM15 on 1 January 2005. (Updated 22
December 2004). Non ISPM15 compliant material will be
accepted until 1 March 2005 provided that such material
is bark free and does not present a plant health
|Sri Lanka - has announced that it
will implement ISPM15 on 8 March 2010. To view WTO
notification. To view the text of the draft
regulations. (Updated 20 October 2009).
|Switzerland - An ‘agreement of
equivalence’ has been reached between the EU and the
Swiss. Wood packaging emanating from this market can be
regarded in the same way as that from any EU member
|Syria - The relevant authority has
advised that it has implemented ISPM15. Unfortunately we
are unable to publish any official document as the
notification was made by email to the Forestry
||Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen
|Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu - notification has confirmed that it
will implement ISPM15 on 1st November 2005.
|Turkey - has announced via the
publication of Official Gazette: 30.12.2004-25686 that
is has deferred its implementation of ISPM 15 until 1
January 2006 To view the amendment on Turkey's
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs website by
selecting the 'Regulations on Marking Wood Packaging
Material for Phytosanitary Measures' option and by
scrolling down to the foot of the page. (Updated 31
|Ukraine - has implemented ISPM15 as
an import requirement, with the addition of debarking
and confirm that all WPM produced under the UKWPMMP
meets their requirements; to see notification.
||USA and North America
|USA - (Update 16 September 2005 ie
the beginning of the USA's informed ISPM15 compliance
The USA's Customs and Border Protection
(CBP) announced on 15th September 2005 that it had
conducted a special operation during the month of July
2005 to determine the baseline level of wood packaging
material (WPM) compliance with ISPM15. Based on
examination results, CBP will perform phased-in
compliance enforcement of the USDA WPM regulation.
Details of the phased-in compliance can be viewed in the
CBP's Operating Procedures for Trade Community
Regarding Implementation of the Wood Packaging Materials
More information will be
made available from the USDA during the months of
September and October or via the CBPs website
cooperation with CBP will begin enforcing phase two of
the wood packaging material (WPM ) regulation beginning
Feb. 1. During the phase, APHIS and CBP will require
that all commodity imports entering or transiting the
United States with WPM consisting of pallets and crates
be either heat treated or fumigated with methyl bromide.
The shipments must also be marked with an approved
international logo, certifying that the WPM has been
appropriately treated. WPM that does not meet these
requirements will not be allowed to enter into the
United States and will be re-exported.
containing WPM that violate the rule may be allowed
entry only if the CBP port director determines that it
is possible to separate the approved material from the
noncompliant portion of the shipment. Arrangements to
have the noncompliant WPM exported from the United
States would be required before the approved cargo can
be released to the consignee. All costs associated with
this process are the responsibility of the importer.
This phase of enforcement will continue through
July 4. Full enforcement of the WPM regulation will
begin July 5. At that time, all WPM must meet the import
requirements and be free of timber pests before entering
or transiting through the United States.
view all current WTO notifications made
under the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement. Near the
bottom of the page you will find a search link by
country which leads you to an index of notifications
with further links.
There has been increasing concern in recent
years about the spread of pests, such as the
Asian long-horn beetle and the Pine Wood Nematode,
since wood packaging material made of unprocessed
raw wood provides a pathway for the introduction
and spread of such pests. A few years ago there
was a major incident, when the Asian long-horn
beetle was discovered in the U.S.
Having made its way there in the wood packaging
imported from China, with the result that avenues
of trees in Chicago and New York had to be immediately
felled so as to control the spread of this pest.
The pest has not yet been eradicated and felling
continues. It has also been intercepted in imports
in many other countries, including the UK.
In order to protect their trees and forests,
a number of countries and trading blocs have
taken regulatory action to control the import
of wood packaging. At the present time, at least
fourteen countries and the EU have taken such
action, and the regulations differ in each case,
with the results that exporters are finding
it extremely difficult to understand the regulations
that apply when exporting to such countries.
A case in point, is Australia, which requires
tanalising or specific heat treatment of wood
packaging, and there are many other specific
regulations, such as those applicable to Argentina
and Brazil. In an endeavour to bring some order
to this situation and to control the spread
of pests through wood packaging, the Secretariat
of the IPPC (International Plant Protection
Convention), appointed a panel of experts to
identify approved measures that significantly
reduce the risk of the spread of pests, and
to prepare an appropriate standard. The International
Standard for Phytosanitary Measure Guidelines
for regulating wood packaging material in the
international trade (ISPM15)
was adopted by the FAOs Interm Commission
on Phytosanitary Measures in March 2002. It
is now for each country and trading bloc to
decide upon implementation of these measures,
and the indications are that most major trading
nations will have regulations based on ISPM15
in place within the next couple of years.
The approved measure that have been adopted
are as follows:
Heat treatment of wood packaging which
requires heating of the timber to a minimum
core temperature of 56 ?C for a minimum of 30
Fumigation, using Methane Bromide (MB)
to the relevant specification.
ISPM15 also recommends that wood should be debarked
prior to treatment by an approved measure (DB).
In order to prepare the U.K.
wood packaging industry, and to assist exporters,
the Forestry Commission introduced the U.K.
Wood Packaging Material Marking Programme, on
1st October 2001. The Programme is entirely
voluntary at present but in time it will become
statutory. evergreen pallets meet the required
standards and have been authorised to use the
mark which identifies the country by the ISO-2-letter
code (GB), a unique manufactures registration
number 0092 assigned by the Forestry Commission,
the code for the approved measure DB-HT and
the Forestry Commission ©. ISPM15
recommends that countries need not impose regulations
on neighbouring countries with a similar plant
health status, nor on internal movements. However,
it is up to each country to determine its own
regulations. But it is expected that within
the EU domestic movements, within and between
the Members States will not be subject to ISPM15
measures and that existing requirements for
import into the U.K., for example which requires
freedom from bark or kiln-drying, will continue.
However, companies that operate in global markets
may wish nevertheless to source heat treated
or fumigated pallets, in order that they have
the option to send pallets outside the EU, or
to ensure that they can be re-imported.
Due to concerns about Pine Wood Nematode found
in wood packaging material shipped from USA,
Canada, China and Japan, the European Commission
introduced regulations to control the import
of wood packaging with effect from 1st October
2001. Wood packaging coming into the EU from
these four countries has to be either heat treated,
chemically impregnated, or fumigated, and clearly
stamped, stating where and by whom the treatment
was carried out. If wood packaging is used to
export goods from within the EU to one of these
four countries, they can only be re-imported
if it can be proved that they originated from
within the EU. The U.K. Forestry Commission
stamp is, is therefore a very valuable safeguard
in this circumstance. Of course, once the International
Standard for Wood Packaging has been implemented
by the EU, then the pallets coming into the
EU (from any source) will have to be stamped
that they have been produced from Debarked wood
and had one of the two approved treatments.
Ie. DB-HT or DB-MB.
Work is going on within FEFPEB (the European
Association of Wooden Pallet and Packaging Manufacturers)
to encourage the introduction of Programmes
similar to the U.K. Wood Packaging Material
Marking Programme throughout Europe. Only wooden
pallets and packaging stamped DB-HT
or DB-MB will meet the current Chinese
regulations (with the accompaniment of a Phytosanitary
Certificate from the FC) and ISPM15 (No Phytosanitary
Certificate required just the approved wood
mark). Alternative measures, such as Chemical
Pressure Impregnation (CPI) or irridation may
be approved if sufficient scientific evidence
of their effectiveness can be proven. For the
time being, only the two approved measures may
be used. Although the necessary introduction
of Phytosanitary regulations will inevitably
lead to an increase in the cost of wooden pallets
and packaging, this increase will still result
in wood packaging being considerably cheaper
than alternatives, such as plastic packaging.
The latest development is that Canada has announced
its intention to adopt ISPM15,
with effect from 1st June 2003. New Zealand
has announced (April 2003) new regulations including
acceptance of wood packaging material complying
with ISPM15. The USA and EU have indicated that
they will soon follow, and it is highly likely
that most other nations and trading blocs will
in the near future. It is, therefore, imperative
to all USERS and PURCHASERS of wooden packaging
that they PLAN NOW, so as to ensure that their
wood packaging used in future shipments is fully
compliant with the regulations. There are major
logistical and supply line issues to consider.
applies to all wooden packaging, including pallets
(either new or repaired), packing cases dunnage.
The early introduction of the UKWPMMP has ensured
that U.K. wood packaging suppliers are organised
to meet your requirements and guarantee the
uninterrupted supply of packaging essential
to the U.K.s export trade. Although there
are inevitable increased costs for the treatment
of packaging, in order to protect the worlds
forests and environment, it remains the case
that wood packaging is considerably more economical
and is flexible enough to meet exporters
Evergreen Pallet Soloutions ©
Pallet Solutions (UK) Ltd
are members of
The National Association of Pallet Distributors
Wooden Pallet Manufacturers Evergreen
Pallet Soloutions UK
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